History Of Tennis

The history of tennis can be rooted back to the 12th century France, where French Monks used to play a crude handball against their monastery walls or over a rope strung across a courtyard. The game was named as jeu de paume, meaning "game of the hand." However, it is also said that the game of tennis is derived from the French tenez, which meant something to the effect of "take this," said as one player would serve to the other. As the game became more popular, courtyard playing areas began to be modified into indoor courts, where the ball was still played off the walls. Later, players began using a glove, and then either a glove with webbing between the fingers or a solid paddle, followed by webbing attached to a handle--essentially a racquet.

Tennis history can also be traced back between 1859 and 1935, where Major Harry Gem and Augurio Perera introduced a game that combined components of rackets and the game called pelota. Including two local doctors, they established the world's first tennis club in Leamington Spa in 1872. According to the record of the origin of tennis the first tennis tournaments was held in July 23, 1884 in the grounds of Shrubland Hall. However, in December 1873, Major Walter Clopton Wingfield designed and patented a similar game, which he called sphairistike meaning "skill at playing at ball’, and was soon known simply as "sticky" for the entertainment of his guests at a garden party on his estate of Nantclwyd, in Llanelidan, Wales. He likely based his game on the evolving sport of outdoor tennis including real tennis.

In the year 1874, Mary Ewing Outerbridge set a court for tennis at the Staten Island Cricket Club in New Brighton Staten Island, New York. And the first American National tournament was performed there. However, the United States National Lawn Tennis Association was founded in 1881so as to set rules and arrange competitions. The U.S. National Men's Singles Championship, now the US Open was first held in 1881 at Newport, Rhode Island U.S. National Women's Singles Championships were first held in 1887. Later tennis was also popular in France, and French Open was introduced in 1891. In 1877, London the first championships were also played.

Since 1890s, the rules of the tennis has changed a little under the comprehension of International Lawn Tennis Federation, where they added the tie break system A present addition to professional tennis has been the acceptance of electronic review technology coupled with a point challenge system, which allows a player to challenge the line (or chair) umpire's call of a point. This however revels how tennis was evolves with the passes of time.

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